Processes That Shape Earth: CKSci Student Reader


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Processes that Shape Earth introduces Grade 4 students to real-world examples and fundamental concepts that will be explored in greater depth in later grades. Students will learn about how changes on Earth’s surface affect people and will research the causes of geologic events that occur in their area, often due to large-scale system interactions on our planet. Students will investigate Earth’s layers: the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. The ocean lies over much of the crust. Both land on the surface of Earth and the ocean’s solid seafloor have features such as mountains, volcanoes, and flat areas.

Core Knowledge Science™ (CKSci) student Readers offer engagingly written text with many color illustrations, photographs, vocabulary sidebars, and a glossary. For each reader, a Teacher Guide is available separately. All materials may be downloaded and previewed in their entirety.

About This Book

Processes that Shape Earth gives students the opportunity to know that by studying rocks, rock layers, and fossils, geologists have found evidence that the structure of Earth’s surface has changed over time. Many processes, including weathering and erosion, change Earth over time. Mountains may be formed when large parts of Earth’s crust push against each other.

Students gain experience in knowing that natural geological events that change Earth’s surface—such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and mudslides—can be hazardous to people. Understanding the large-scale processes behind these events can help people engineer safeguards, such as earthquake-resistant buildings, that consider potential damage and danger. Communities also develop preparedness plans to help minimize the effects of natural hazards and to protect people in cases of emergency.

Related Components

  • Teacher Guide: with detailed lesson plans, activity page masters, additional activities, and assessments

Preview the Book

Download this CKSci Student Reader in its entirety in PDF form.

About CKSci

Core Knowledge Science™ (CKSci) is a comprehensive program covering life science, earth and space science, physical science, and engineering design practices.

CKSci Student Readers offer engagingly written text with many color illustrations, photographs, vocabulary sidebars, and a glossary. In general, the content and presentation in CKSci Student Readers for Grades 3-5 are appropriate for young readers from the upper elementary grades through middle school (Lexile levels 650 – 980).

Using CKSci in the Classroom

  • For Language Arts: You can also use CKSci to integrate content-rich nonfiction into your Reading/Language Arts lessons. Reading in the sciences provides background content knowledge that aids in reading across all disciplines.

CKSci Retail Prices

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6.7 in. W x 9.6 in. H
47 pages

ISBN: 978-1-68380-530-4

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