Research data from a new study by the Thomas B. Fordham Institute confirms what Core Knowledge teachers have known for years! Educators looking for ways to improve students’ reading comprehension would do well to allocate 30 minutes each day to teaching social studies. Fordham’s associate director of research Adam Tyner and early childhood researcher Sarah Kabourek looked at data from the federal Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K: 2011), which follows thousands of students in their kindergarten year through fifth grade. They specifically compared how much instructional time was devoted to each subject area relative to students’ reading comprehension.

As most educators know, American students spend the most time in English Language Arts (ELA) instruction. However, the researchers found that increased instructional time in social studies – not ELA – is associated with improved reading comprehension.


If you are not yet familiar with the Core Knowledge History and Geography™ (CKHG™) program, a comprehensive K-6  program in world and American history and geography, integrating topics in civics and the arts, now is the time to check it out. CKHG is available for FREE  DOWNLOAD, as well as purchase. The program includes student books and teacher guides, as well as online resources, and timeline cards for Grades 3-6. Developed in conjunction with nationally recognized subject matter experts, (CKHG™) helps students build knowledge of the diverse civilizations, cultures, and concepts specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence.


It is also worth noting that, in a related Chalkbeat article, professor of education at the University of Michigan, Nell Duke, also points out that other research studies have explored and documented similar results when additional instructional time is devoted to science.


So be sure to also check out the Core Knowledge Science™ (CKSci) program, which is likewise available for FREE DOWNLOAD, as well as purchase.


6 comments on “If You Want to Improve Reading Comprehension, Teach Social Studies!”

  1. 1
    Angie on January 24, 2021

    We combine our ELA and SS into one block and it works nicely together.

    1. 2
      Brigette on January 27, 2021

      Angie,

      This is something that I used to do when I was a self-contained teacher and it really helped us be able to hit on everything we needed to accomplish in the classroom. I personally believe that it also increased student interest in social studies while they were unknowingly increasing their ELAR skills at the same time.

  2. 3
    Brigette on January 27, 2021

    I am a social studies teacher for 6th-grade and have made it a point to include ELAR as a prime part of our subject. Students are currently having to read articles from Britannica and take each section they have read and develop their own summary using their own words to explain what they read. I am seeing the growth in my students across the board with their reading as well as their composition and comprehension of the topics they are studying.

    1. 4
      Kerrean on January 27, 2021

      Hey Bridgette, I am a Social Studies teacher, too, at the middle and high school level. Our subject does involve a lot of reading and/or analyzing primary sources. As I began incorporating more ELAR into my lessons, I saw a vast improvement in my students’ comprehension and composition. Students are also displaying gradual changes in their dialects too. I embrace the idea of integrating SS and ELA.

    2. 5
      Brigette on January 28, 2021

      Kerrean,

      What kinds of changes in their dialects do you see in your class since you’ve integrated ELAR into your lessons? There are a few grammatical things that my students are improving on. However, it is more so in their writing than anything else. I’m trying to teach them about speaking properly and sounding professional.

  3. 6
    Keri on January 28, 2021

    I teach all subjects in 2nd grade and I have always wondered why my county’s curriculum does not implement more cross-curricular connections between ELA and Social Studies. My colleagues do their best to connect the two subjects as they plan and ensure that we incorporate reading strategies to aid in comprehension when teaching Social Studies. Our Social Studies block is only 45 minutes and two times a week. I feel that in order for students’ reading comprehension to improve, there should be adjustments made in our schedule or more cross-curricular opportunities. I am definitely supportive of integrating more Social Studies and ELA into the curriculum.

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