History and GeographyKindergarten

Focus: This Grade K Core Knowledge History and Geography unit introduces students to four great U.S. presidents honored on Mount Rushmore. Students discover how the faces of these leaders—George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt—were carved on a mountainside in the Black Hills of South Dakota. They hear that many kinds of Americans can aspire to the presidency: the Mount Rushmore presidents include a farmer, an inventor, a store clerk, and a cowboy. They then learn why Washington is called the “Father of Our Country,” why Jefferson is remembered as the author of the Declaration of Independence, why Lincoln was called Honest Abe, and why Roosevelt decided to set aside conservation lands.

Number of lessons: 5

Additional Search Terms: civics • voting • informational text • nonfiction • democracy • White House • Oval Office • cherry tree • Mount Vernon • slavery • enslaved people • American Revolution • American Revolutionary War • Monticello • Declaration of Independence • Statue of Liberty • American flag • Betsy Ross • log cabin • July 4 • Independence Day • Honest Abe • Father of Our Country • Rough Riders • conservation • national forests • George Washington • Thomas Jefferson • Abraham Lincoln • Theodore Roosevelt • teddy bear

CKHG Grade Levels: CKHG units are correlated to topics at the grade levels specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence, which allows students in schools following the Sequence to build knowledge grade by grade. In other settings, individual CKHG units may be used as supplemental resources. In general, the content and presentation in the CKHG units for Grades K-2 are appropriate for students in the lower elementary grades. The Mount Rushmore Presidents Student Book is intended to be read aloud by the teacher as the students look at images on each page.

We have intentionally left the pacing and timing needed to teach the content presented in the Teacher Guide and Student Book very flexible. Teachers can choose how much they read aloud and discuss in a single instructional period, as well as how often each week they use the CKHG materials.

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