Grades 6-8History and Geography

Focus: The resources for this unit (The Enlightenment) are part of the individual resources titled The Enlightenment, The French Revolution and Romanticism. This unit (Unit 3 for schools using the CKHG series in Sequence grade-level order) introduces students to the Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason.

Students explore the ideas of influential writers, scientists, and philosophers in Western Europe from the late 1600s through the 1700s. These Enlightenment thinkers, with their emphasis on intellectual freedom and natural rights, ushered in the modern age. Students also explore how the ideas of Europe’s Enlightenment thinkers are echoed within the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, as Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, and others embraced these revolutionary ideas.

Number of Lessons: 6

Lesson Time: 45 minutes each daily. Each lesson may be divided into shorter segments.

Additional Search Terms: social studies • geography • map skills • nonfiction • informational text • Isaac Newton • René Descartes • Thomas Hobbes • John Locke • Voltaire • Baron de Montesquieu • scientific revolution • reason • “divine right of kings” • philosophy • monarchy • Parliament • social contract • natural rights • separation of powers

CKHG Grade Levels: CKHG units are correlated to topics at the grade levels specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence, which allows students in schools following the Sequence to build knowledge grade by grade. This particular unit falls in Grade 6 in the Core Knowledge Sequence. In other settings, individual CKHG units may be used as supplemental resources. In general, the content and presentation in the CKHG units for Grade 6 are appropriate for students in Grade 6 and up.

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