Grade 2History and Geography

Focus: In the Grade 2 Core Knowledge History and Geography unit Geography of the Americas, students become explorers of the diverse landscapes of North and South America and discover the many ways people have found to survive and thrive in them.

Students begin the unit by honing their map skills. They examine different types of maps and the tools needed to understand them, such as the compass rose and map key. After reviewing their map skills, they first travel across North America, beginning in the United States. They cross the mighty Mississippi River on their way to the mist-covered Appalachian Mountains, and then stop to see the Great Lakes before crossing the border into Canada. In Canada they visit the Inuit of the Canadian Arctic, explore the Canadian Rockies, and see the buffalo and antelope of the southern grasslands. The last stop in Canada is Ottawa, the capital, where they see the brightly lit buildings of Parliament Hill at night.

Students continue their travels by going south to Mexico, visiting Mexico City and beyond, where they explore Aztec ruins, crops growing in the rich volcanic soil, and modern factories. The last stop on the North American continent is a visit to the seven countries of Central America, where students discover the pyramids of the Maya, volcanic landscapes, rainforests teeming with wildlife, beautiful beaches, and fascinating history, and where they also make a brief stop to the U.S. territories in the Caribbean.

Finally, students head south to the twelve countries of South America. There they visit the world’s driest desert, vast grasslands, the Andes Mountains, and Lake Titicaca—the continent’s largest lake—and see the wonders of the Amazon Rainforest. They even see snow on the equator in the mountains of Ecuador, and they meet indigenous people living high in the mountains.

The unit consists of five chapters, each offering a view into the wide variety of life, physical geography, and human culture of the Americas.

Additional Search Terms: social studies • geography • nonfiction • informational text • compass rose • map key • Great Plains • Appalachian Mountains • Great Lakes • Nunavut • Rocky Mountains • prairies • Yukon Territory• Northwest Territories • Ottawa • Quebec • Moctezuma II • Mexico City • Guatemala • Aztec • Maya • Caribbean • Brazil • Aconcagua • Amazon River • quinine • cacao • indigenous people • the Pampas • wind turbines • volcanoes • cloud forests • the West Indies • Puerto Rico • U.S. Virgin Islands • Aconcagua •  Simón Bolívar

CKHG Grade Levels: CKHG units are correlated to topics at the grade levels specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence, which allows students in schools following the Sequence to build knowledge grade by grade. In other settings, individual CKHG units may be used as supplemental resources. In general, the content and presentation in the CKHG units for Grades K-2 are appropriate for students in the lower elementary grades. The Student Book is intended to be read aloud by the teacher as the students look at images on each page.

We have intentionally left the pacing and timing needed to teach the content presented in the Teacher Guide and Student Book very flexible. Teachers can choose how much they read aloud and discuss in a single instructional period, as well as how often each week they use the CKHG materials.


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