Grade 4History and Geography

Focus: The resources for this unit (American Reformers) are part of the individual resources titled Early Presidents and Social Reformers. This unit (Unit 10 for schools using the CKHG series in Sequence grade-level order) focuses on many efforts to improve American society from the early 1800s to the 1850s, including: the temperance movement to decrease the consumption of alcohol; Dorothea Dix’s efforts to obtain better treatment for people with mental illnesses; Horace Mann’s campaign for free public education; the work of Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, William Lloyd Garrison, and other abolitionists in their crusade to abolish slavery; and, the early women’s rights movement led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. The unit also provides additional resources that explore the early reformers’ legacy in ongoing modern-day struggles for equality and civil rights. Some of the content of this unit is tied to the “Pathway to Citizenship,” an array of civics-focused knowledge, questions, and activities.

CKHG student reader coverNumber of Lessons: 10

Lesson Time: 45 minutes each daily. Each lesson may be divided into shorter segments.

Additional Search Terms: social studies • map skills • nonfiction • informational text • primary sources • Seneca Falls Convention • “Ain’t I a woman?” • Amelia Bloomer • Elizabeth Blackwell • segregation • John Lewis • Martin Luther King, Jr. • March to Selma, Alabama • Sonia Sotomayor

CHKG Grade Levels: CKHG units are correlated to topics at the grade levels specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence, which allows students in schools following the Sequence to build knowledge grade by grade. In other settings, individual CKHG units may be used as supplemental resources. In general, the content and presentation in the CKHG units for Grades 3-5 are appropriate for young readers from the upper elementary grades through middle school.

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