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Teacher Handbooks

Teacher Handbooks The Teacher Handbook series for preschool to grade 5 consists of the Teacher Handbooks, Instructional Masters, Art Resources, and Text Resources. More…

What Your—Grader Needs to Know

In one volume per grade, this eight-volume series provides parents, teachers, and children with an introduction to the important knowledge outlined in the Core Knowledge Sequence. More…

The Core Knowledge Sequence

Content and Skill Guidelines for Grades K–8

With an intentional focus on specific content, the Core Knowledge Sequence is unique among educational programs for its presentation of a coherent and cumulative progression of knowledge and skills. The augmenting acquisition of specific content ensures a solid foundation of vocabulary and background knowledge to facilitate learning and comprehension.

Guiding Principles

Coherent, Cumulative and Content-Specific Guidance Is Necessary

A coherent, cumulative, and content-specific grade by grade outline of topics helps ensure academic excellence, greater equity, and increased literacy. Children enter each new grade ready to learn—with a strong foundation of relevant background knowledge. The intentional sequencing of topics also helps prevent repetitions and gaps that so often characterize current education.

Reading Is a Two-Lock Box Process

In addition to decoding skills, the ability to understand what is read requires language, vocabulary, and background knowledge that provide a foundation for understanding unstated elements of a text passage. The ability to read and write is highly correlated with students’ oral language proficiency, and the ability to understand a text read aloud is a prerequisite for making sense of the same text in printed form. It is essential that children build listening and speaking competency while also developing reading and writing skills. Traditional language arts instruction has typically paid little attention to listening and speaking. This failure to focus on the development of oral language in language arts instruction is a serious oversight. The rich outline of content topics in the Sequence must be accompanied by frequent opportunities that involve children in both listening and speaking.

Assessment and Instruction Are Intertwined

Effective teachers use assessment to inform the planning of lessons and experiences in their classrooms. Evaluation of each student's progress takes place in an ongoing fashion and is often conducted within the context of daily lessons. The specificity and grade by grade nature of the Sequence allow teachers to fine tune their planning to meet students' individual needs.